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high levels of both Claudin-2 and Afadin in primary tumors were associated with poor disease-specific survival, relapse-free survival, lung-specific relapse, and liver-specific relapse
CLDN6 enhances the chemoresistance to ADM via activating the AF-6/ERK signaling pathway and up-regulating cancer stem cell characters in MDAMB231 cells.
AF6 employs a non-canonical, evolutionarily conserved alpha-helix to bind RAS, unique to AF6 and the classical RASSF effectors.
miR-188-3p is a novel independent prognostic factor in colorectal cancer patients, which can be partly explained by its effect on MLLT4 expression and migration of cancer cells.
Afadin (AFDN), a cytoskeletal and junction-associated protein, was present in 2D and 3D keratinocyte cultures, and validated as a so-far-unknown EphA2-interacting protein.
In pancreatic cancer cells, AF6 is expressed at reduced levels, causing Dvl2 to be upregulated and available to bind and enhance FOXE1-induced trans-activation of Snail, which promotes proliferation and metastasis.
AF-6/afadin could be a useful selection marker for fertility-sparing therapy for patients with atypical hyperplasia or grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma with no myometrial invasion.
JAM-A regulates epithelial permeability via association with ZO-2, afadin, and PDZ-GEF1 to activate Rap2c and control contraction of the apical cytoskeleton.
MLL-AF6 oncoprotein potentiates the activity of the RAS pathway through retention of AF6 within the nucleus.
The expression levels of CFTR and AF-6/afadin are significantly downregulated in human colon cancer tissues.
AF-6 is a positive modulator of the PINK1/parkin pathway and is deficient in Parkinson's disease.
The interaction between the PDZ domain of afadin (AF6_PDZ) and a series of polypeptides comprising the PDZ-binding motif, was studied.
Results demonstrate a role for afadin in the regulation of vascular barrier function via coordination of adherens junction-tight junction and p120-catenin-ZO-1 interactions.
the Necl-5-nectin, nectin-nectin, and nectin-afadin interactions cooperatively increase the clustering of the nectin-afadin complex at the cell-cell contact sites, promoting the formation of the nectin-based cell-cell adhesion.
AF6/afadin is a marker of poor outcome in breast cancer, and its loss induces cell migration, invasiveness and tumor growth
Results demonstrate a novel molecular mechanism by which Rap1 and afadin regulate the VEGF- and S1P-induced angiogenesis.
RYK, a catalytically inactive receptor tyrosine kinase, associates with EphB2 and EphB3 but does not interact with AF-6.
Bcr kinase downregulates Ras signaling by phosphorylating AF-6 and binding to its PDZ domain
Results report the solution structure of AF-6 PDZ domain and its interaction with the C-terminal peptides from Neurexin and Bcr.
AF6 negatively regulates Rap1-induced cell adhesion.
l-afadin, but not s-afadin regulates the formation of puncta adherentia junctions of hippocampal synapses.
Spatiotemporal and dynamic alternative splicing produces differential expression patterns of afadin isoforms and alternative splicing of afadin is controlled by the neuron-specific regulator(s) whose activity is triggered and dynamically altered during neuronal differentiation and maturation.
afadin is a critical molecule for cardiac protection against chronic pressure overload
Loss of AFDN impaired the formation of adherens junctions and tight junctions.
In the 2 pressure overload models, myocardial afadin is involved in mechanical stress-induced, but not pharmacological Ang II-related, compensated cardiac hypertrophy.
These results indicate that afadin plays multiple roles in the complex ultrastructural morphogenesis of hippocampal mossy fiber synapses.
Findings indicate that afadin plays an essential role in regulating apical-basal polarity and adherens junction integrity of radial glial cells.
Codepletion of the actomyosin regulator RhoA and Afadin results in defects in the central lumens and arrests lumen remodeling
Glutamate release and the postsynaptic responsiveness to glutamate were markedly reduced, but not completely lost, in the afadin-deficient mossy fiber synapse, whereas neither long-term potentiation nor long-term depression was affected.
Afadin regulates the differentiation of the CA3 pyramidal cells, elongation of the mossy fiber trajectory and the density of mossy fiber synapses.
afadin determines lumen placement by directing apical-basal spindle orientation, resulting in a continuous lumen and normal tubule morphogenesis.
Results indicate that afadin is required for the maintenance of the radial glial scaffold for neuronal migration and that the genetic ablation of afadin leads to the formation of double cortex
Here, the first crystal structure of the AFPDZ in complex with the nectin-3 C-terminal peptide containing the class II motif is reported.
Afadin plays a role in the restricted localization of Paneth cells at the base of the crypt by maintaining their adhesion to adjacent crypt cells and inhibiting their movement toward the top of villi.
S-afadin-specific C-terminal inserts may be involved in its preference of binding to nectin-3 and raise the possibility that there are proteins other than nectins that more preferentially bind s-afadin than l-afadin.
A remarkable function of afadin was revealed, it was able to enhance cytokine expression through Rap1 activation in keratinocytes during inflammation.
Afadin regulates puncta adherentia junction formation and presynaptic differentiation in hippocampal neurons.
This study showed that the adherens junction proteins afadin and CDH2 are critical for the control of cell proliferation in the dorsal telencephalon and for the formation of its normal laminar structure. Inactivation.
Genetic deletion of afadin causes hydrocephalus by destruction of adherens junctions in radial glial and ependymal cells in the midbrain.
Results indicate that PLEKHA7 plays a cooperative role with nectin and afadin in the proper formation of Adherens junction (AJ) in epithelial cell.
This gene encodes a multi-domain protein involved in signaling and organization of cell junctions during embryogenesis. It has also been identified as the fusion partner of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL-1) gene, involved in acute myeloid leukemias with t(6\;11)(q27\;q23) translocation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene, however, not all have been fully characterized.
myeloid/lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia (trithorax homolog, Drosophila); translocated to, 4
, ALL1-fused gene from chromosome 6 protein
, protein AF-6
, myeloid/lymphoid or mixed lineage-leukemia translocation to 4 homolog
, protein Af-6
, myeloid/lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia 4