Protein Function: Chemotactic factor that attracts monocytes, lymphocytes, basophils and eosinophils. May play a role in neoplasia and inflammatory host responses. This protein can bind heparin. The processed form MCP-2(6-76) does not show monocyte chemotactic activity, but inhibits the chemotactic effect most predominantly of CCL7, and also of CCL2 and CCL5 and CCL8. .
Background: Chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 8, also known as monocyte chemoattractant protein 2(MCP-2), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL8 gene. CCL8 is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family. The CCL8 protein is produced as a precursor containing 109 amino acids, which is cleaved to produce mature CCL8 containing 75 amino acids. The gene for CCL8 is encoded by 3 exons and is located within a large cluster of CC chemokines on chromosome 17q11.2 in humans. Monocyte chemotactic protein 2(MCP-2) is a CC chemokine that utilizes multiple cellular receptors to attract and activate human leukocytes.
Synonyms: C-C motif chemokine 8,HC14,Monocyte chemoattractant protein 2,Monocyte chemotactic protein 2,MCP-2,Small-inducible cytokine A8,MCP-2(6-76),CCL8,MCP2, SCYA10, SCYA8,
Full Gene Name: C-C motif chemokine 8Cellular Localisation: Secreted.